Many people believe that the origin of Black Metal is in Norway.
The first wave
People agree that Venom was the first black metal band, and their debut album called Welcome to Hell, which was released in 1981, may be considered as the true genesis of black metal. In the beginning, the music was not reported to be black metal; it was instead described as heavy metal. The music of Venom was described as black metal only after the influential black metal had already been introduced into the market. The term became widely used with the release of the second wave.
The second wave
The second wave started with the Norwegian black metal in the late 80s, and it reached its peak from 1991 to 1994. There are many albums that were released in this period. For this period, the well known bands are the Mayhem, Immortal, Darkthrone and Burzum. However, these bands are just a few when it comes to the nascent Norwegian black metal scene. There are other bands like Ulver, Styricon, Thorns and Emperor that may not pass without being noticed.
The aim of the genre was to make the return to what it is known to be the true death metal sound, and it was to react to what was considered to be the commercialization of death metal. In that period, the death metal bands performed in clothes on stage like sneakers or tracksuits. This was considered to be unbearable for the people such as Euronymous since they chose an anti-social and shocking image.
The Norwegian acts started with the third wave of black metal. The significant bands which were instrumental to accelerating the spread or popularity of the third wave are Emperor together with Cradle of Filth. Emperor is an original Norwegian band, and its full-length sophomore album drew attention and widespread interest. The band showcased technicality and complexity, which was received well by most fans of the genre.
Another influential album was Dusk…and Her Embrace by Cradle of Filth, but some people do not agree that it should be considered as black metal. The band also is known to go for a more commercial sound in its subsequent album. Regardless of what is considered to be the sound of Cradle of Filth, what cannot be denied is that that it had an impact on the genre of music.
Even if there is a decline when it comes to the black metal sounds, it may be naïve to think that the music has died. There are major labels that have black metal bands in their rosters, while there are small labels that deal with black metal exclusively. Even if it is possible that a new name can come out, it is believed that there is no way that the new genre will supplement the black metal one. It is expected that the future for black metal will depend on the fourth wave with new artists. The bands in the first wave have broken up while others changed their style and are no longer considered black metal artists.